ACC 206 Week 3 Exercise/Assignment


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Week Three Assignment


  Please complete the following 5 exercises below in either Excel or a word document (but must be single document). You must show your work where appropriate (leaving the calculations within Excel cells is acceptable). Save the document, and submit it in the appropriate week using the Assignment Submission button.


1. Overhead application: Working backward

The Towson Manufacturing Corporation applies overhead on the basis of machine hours. The following divisional information is presented for your review:

Division     A Division B
Actual machine hours


Estimated machine hours


Overhead application rate



Actual overhead


Estimated overhead ?


Applied overhead ?


Over- (under-) applied overhead ?


Find the unknowns for each of the divisions.


2. Computations using a job order system

Spencer Corporation employs a job order cost system. On May 1 the following balances were extracted from the general ledger;


Work in process     $ 36,200

Finished goods                86,900

Cost of goods sold 130,700


Work in Process consisted of two jobs, no. 101 ($22,400) and no. 103 ($13,800). During May, direct materials requisitioned from the storeroom amounted to $96,500, and direct labor incurred totaled $116,500. These figures are subdivided as follows:

Direct Materials

Direct Labor

Job No.



Job No.






















Job no. 117 was the only job in process at the end of the month. Job no. 101 and three “other” jobs were sold during May at a profit of 20% of cost. The “other” jobs contained material and labor charges of $23,000 and $17,400, respectively.


General applies overhead daily at the rate of 150% of direct labor cost as labor summaries are posted to job orders. The firm’s fiscal year ends on May 31.


a.       Compute the total overhead applied to production during May.

b.      Compute the cost of the ending work in process inventory.

c.       Compute the cost of jobs completed during May.

d.      Compute the cost of goods sold for the year ended May 31.



3. High-low method

The following cost data pertain to 20X8 operations of Houston Products:

       Quarter 1      Quarter 2         Quarter 3      Quarter 4
Shipping costs





Orders shipped






The company uses the high-low method to analyze costs.

a.       Determine the variable cost per order shipped.

b.      Determine the fixed shipping costs per quarter.

c.       If present cost behavior patterns continue, determine total shipping costs for 20X9 if activity amounts to 570 orders.




4. Break-even and other CVP relationships

Pine Hospital has average revenue of $190 per patient day. Variable costs are $50 per patient day; fixed costs total $4,620,000 per year.

a.       How many patient days does the hospital need to break even?

b.      What level of revenue is needed to earn a target income of $560,000?

c.       If variable costs drop to $36 per patient day, what increase in fixed costs can be tolerated without changing the break-even point as determined in part (a)?




5. Direct and absorption costing

The information that follows pertains to XYZ Products for the year ended December 31, 20X8.

Inventory, 1/1/X8 26,000 units
Units manufactured 80,000
Units sold 83,000
Inventory, 12/31/X8 ? units
Manufacturing costs:
Direct materials $4 per unit
Direct labor $5 per unit
Variable factory overhead $9 per unit
Fixed factory overhead $300,000
Selling & administrative expenses:
Variable $2 per unit
Fixed $136,000


The unit selling price is $26. Assume that costs have been stable in recent years.



a.       Compute the number of units in the ending inventory.

b.      Calculate the cost of a unit assuming use of:

1.      Direct costing.

2.      Absorption costing.

c.       Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 20X8, by using direct costing.

d.      Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 20X8, by using absorption costing.





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